Here’s a breakdown of the factors that determine the price you pay at the pump. For more information about these factors, please visit our PumpTalk blog.
- Taxes are one of the largest components of Canadian retail pump prices.
- In 2007, Canadians paid an average of 32.5¢ tax on every litre of gasoline. That represents a little over $16 on a 50-litre fill.
- Taxes on gasoline vary by province, which often leads to regional differences in pump prices.
- On July 1, 2010, the governments in Ontario and British Columbia harmonized the Provincial Sales Tax (PST) with the Federal Goods and Services Tax (GST) to create a Harmonized Sales Tax (HST). For more information, visit the Canada Revenue Agency website.
Learn how much tax you pay on gasoline
- Crude oil is a globally traded commodity and the base product used to refine gasoline and diesel fuel.
- Canadian producers have no influence over world prices because
our domestic crude oil production is a small fraction of total
- Crude oil prices are influenced by changes in global supply and demand, current inventory levels and geopolitical events.
Refining and Marketing Costs
- This portion of the price covers all costs of operations — such as the costs of refining crude oil into gasoline, transportation and distribution charges, as well as all marketing and operational expenses at the
- The 3% profit represents the overall 2007 Petro-Canada marketing and refining profit.
- Wholesale gasoline is bought and sold on commodity markets, much like crude oil.
- As gasoline is a commodity that flows freely between Canada and the U.S., Canadian wholesale prices — the prices retailers pay — are tied closely to U.S. commodity prices.
- Any significant disruption in supply in the U.S., a market 10 times the size of our Canadian market, can impact wholesale prices throughout North America.
Learn more about wholesale commodity prices
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